Loading

wait a moment

a simple plan novel

The exception to this are books like. Goaded into going inside to check on the pilot, Hank finds the pilot dead and a duffle bag filled with money. As dedicated readers already know, some of the best and most innovative stories on the shelves come from the constantly evolving realm of... Two brothers and their friend stumble upon the wreckage of a plane–the pilot is dead and his duffle bag contains four million dollars in cash. In. . Hank and Jacob Mitchell and Jacob's friend Lloyd find a crashed plane in the woods. I felt nervous, scared, nothing more.”, このミステリーがすごい! for Best Translated Mystery Novel of the Year in Japan (1995). Plan and record your 2020-21 home school year with A Simple Plan! There is a lot of scope in the middle part of the novel so it is best to plan its plot first with detailed specifications; Figure out the ending of the novel. For inside that plane lies a dead pilot and a duffle bag full of money. Welcome back. This book was probably THE most painful reading experience I have ever had. Hank gives directions but says he can't go and Carl is killed.  A twenty dollar bill found laying about somewhere and you know who left it there,  A found wallet, fat with cash or a purse left sitting on a display table while you were shopping. When the defendant was brought in, the Jewish man became hysterical and had to be dragged out of the courtroom. You look at the solid, rectangular shapes being transformed into crushed masses of steel, thrown around like they were miniature toys, as if some invisible God took to them in a moment of incredible and hopeless fury. Understanding how to plan a novel is both the most important question you face right now … and a completely achievable goal. . In order to hide, keep, and share the fortune, these ordinary men all agree to a simple plan. He's not even in favor of keeping the money, which most hard working, tax paying folks. Lou erupts and Jacob, believing that Lou is about to shoot Hank, shoots Lou. The truck ends up in a snow bank and Jacob's dog runs after the fox. He later explained that he'd lost his composure because he saw, for the first time, that this Nazi was not some fire-breathing monster, but just a man, like anyone else. Scott Smith's books are, above all, methodical. That coming from someone that can generally find entertainment value in most stories/forms of media. I am just too sensitive for that - I feel the pain and embarrasment they should be feeling but in some cases don't. Sarah learns that the money is from a kidnapping and that the pilot had an accomplice. Reading this novel is like watching a trainwreck taking place: you know it's terrible, you know you shouldn't do it, but somehow you can't look away from it taking place; its as if your eyes have been glued to the train and carriages, losing touch with the track, falling out, being squashed and destroyed, all with the incredibly loud and draining sound of screeching and bending metal. . To see what your friends thought of this book, Well, yes! Three diverse characters, for the most part intellectually challenged, find a deserted plane with a bag full of millions of dollars inside. What starts out as a simple plan made by Hank, his brother Jacob and Jacob's best friend, Lou, turns into a complicated plot that … Start by marking “A Simple Plan” as Want to Read: Error rating book. I loved this book and everything Smith writes. You have to create conflict, tension, twist, climax, and move towards the resolution. I find it hilarious whenever I see negative reviews for this book and almost all the time, the reason for the negativity is that the reviewer thought that the main characters were stupid and made dumb decisions. Today I'd like to share some of the best resources for helping you plan your NaNoWriMo novel (or any novel … Hank promises that he'll go ahead and divide the money but tricks Lou into a mock confession that he'd killed Penderson, planning to use that as a way to keep Lou in line. It is a novel about a young man, unaware of his own moral fragility, who finds an immense cache of money - and makes a seemingly … The materials of Sam Raimi's "A Simple Plan" are not unfamiliar, but rarely is a film this skillful at drawing us, step by step, into the consequences of criminal action. The accomplice is then killed by the FBI who asks Hank to identify the body. The first edition of the novel was published in 1993, and was written by Scott B. Smith. A step by step descent into a very private hell. How to Plan a Novel Using Spreadsheets. In fact the ending actually shift momentarily (in my opinion) to borderline genre jumping from a crime novel to horror. It is better than any suspense novel since Silence of the Lambs.". I'll be first in line for his next one if he ever decides to put one out. So the simplest way to outline your novel (or any type of story) is to use that … We’d love your help. Jacob then lets their misdeed slip to Lou who blackmails Hank for an early split of the money. Two brothers and their friend stumble upon the wreckage of a plane–the pilot is dead and his duffle bag contains four million dollars in cash. Here is a simple way to plan your novel’s plot: Plan the middle part first as it is easiest. A Simple Plan has a simple premise. Smith starts off first by endearing the characters to the reader and then slowly step by step takes them down the wrong path. Their fates decided and forever intertwined. I finished A Simple Plan a few days ago, and here I am sitting at work, eating a Lara Bar on my lunch break, and I’m still thinking about it. everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of A Simple Plan. So, the sentence could read something like this, "A retired tennis star becomes embroiled in a mafia hit plot after agreeing to coach the mob boss's daughter". Â, When it comes to Scott B. Smith it’s a good thing we got the quality because the quantity is on the low side with only. . Sorry, … We recently talked about preparing for NaNoWriMo during October, and I shared some of my own plans such as using the Snowflake Method for this novel's outline. Well, yes! Outline your Novel Fast, Easily and Well with this Simple Story Template All stories share a simple common structure, right? People assumed that seeing the Nazi's face again had simply brought back memories too horrific for the man to bear. When Sonny arrives, Hank kills him as well, making it look as if Lou had arrived home to find Nancy and Sonny in bed together and had killed them both, threatening Jacob in the course of events and prompting Jacob to shoot Lou. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of A Simple Plan. Carl, citing a conversation with Jacob, asks Hank to accompany them in search of the plane. But can they keep their mouthes shut? In the case of this book the pure idiocy that these characters go through after finding th. What is your opinion about Hank, the main character? … If a poll were taken, I wonder how many of us could confirm that they had passed tests of honesty. Use our exclusive teacher … Ten shades blacker and several corpses grimmer than the novels of John Grisham. a simple plan by Scott Smith ‧ RELEASE DATE: Sept. 7, 1993 A fairy-tale windfall blasts the lives of two brothers, determined to do whatever it takes to hold onto the money, in Scott's electrifying first novel. He then learns that Sarah, believing they are now in the clear, has spent a bill to purchase a bottle of champagne. But that would make a pretty borin. This past weekend, A Simple Favor hit theaters as a total mystery. "A Simple Plan" marks the astonishing debut of a natural born storyteller. Scott Bechtel Smith is an American author and screenwriter. by Vintage. When 3 men stumble upon a downed plane in the middle of a field, their lives are changed forever.  You know those little tests. Scott Smith. While Hank is replacing a half million dollars of the money, Jacob has an altercation with a man from the neighborhood, Mr. Penderson, who is tracking the fox that had initially led Hank and the others to the plan. A Simple Plan: A Novel Summary & Study Guide includes comprehensive information and analysis to The central character is Hank Mitchell ( Bill … Buy from. I hope to watch the movie tonight so I can just get all of this Simple Plan stuff out of my system. This detailed literature summary also contains Topics for Discussion and a Free Quiz on A Simple Plan: A Novel by Scott Smith (author). Jacob strikes Penderson and Hank finishes the deed, making it appear that Penderson had died in a snowmobile accident. The book, not the cheesy pop punk band. Read this book.” —Entertainment Weekly. Order our A Simple Plan: A Novel Study Guide, teaching or studying A Simple Plan: A Novel. A Simple Plan Homeschool Planners offer you easy-to-use organizing and record-keeping in trendy designs! I am just too sensitive for that - I feel the pain and embarrasment they should be feeling but in some cases don't. It is so masterfully done that I was cheering for them even when they were doing the most heinous acts. Without the SS uniform, his humanity was laid bare. My favorites are color postcards, or airline boarding passes I hold onto. He has published two suspense novels, “By doing one wrong thing, I thought I could make everything right.”, “I didn't feel evil. A Simple Plan, Scott Smith's beautifully controlled and disturbing first novel, delivers a total of nine deaths, harrowing murders all, but it is surely a morality tale, with not a whiff of the whodunit about it. The fact that this was made into a movie (and not a comedy) baffles me. Smith starts off first by endearing the characters to the reader and then slowly step by step takes them down the wrong path. In order to hide, keep, and share the fortune, these ordinary men all agree to a simple plan… I’ve been at this for only four years and I’m finishing my fourth novel, so I’m sure this system will look different when I’m publishing book fifty. A Simple Plan: A Novel by Scott Smith (author). When the defendant was brought in, the Jewish man became hysterical and had to be dragged out of the courtroom. It is so masterfully done that I was cheering for them even when they were doing the most heinous acts. Hank Mitchell, his brother Jacob and Jacob’s friend Lou are riding together in Jacob’s truck when suddenly a fox runs out in the road in front … A Simple Plan. In this post, we’re going to give you, not a template exactly, but a set of tools and a clear understanding of the way forward. Hank plans to rob the liquor store but ends up killing both the clerk and a female customer before retrieving the single bill they'd spent. They devise a simple plan to keep the money if no-one … … A Simple Plan by Scott B. Smith is a 1993 neo-noir crime thriller. A Simple Plan: A Novel Characters. I’ve given them both 5 stars. Get A Simple Plan: A Novel from Amazon.com. Did you at anytime feel that you would have taken a different way from what Hank did? Do yourself a favor. This is the story of how values and morals can devolve to the lowest levels of humanity when a great deal of money is involved. This Study Guide consists of approximately 38 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your … For starters I would never kill anyone except in self-defense (or by accident)! "A Simple Plan marks the astonishing debut of a natural born storyteller. After some discussion, they agree that Hank will hold the money for six months and at the end of that time, if no one comes searching for it, they'll divide the money and each go their separate ways, richer than they'd ever imagined. See all 11 questions about A Simple Plan…, The Most Anticipated YA Books of December. Write down your existing ideas. Keep it?, Return it? I'm sorry I thought that I'd written a review for this one. If characters always made the right decisions or the smartest ones, there would be absolutely no drama and why the hell would anyone want to read about people who do all the right things?! A simple plan : a novel.. [Scott Smith; Griffin Dunne] -- When a young man finds a suitcase with a million dollars in cash, his life is changed forever. . Three men – accountant Hank, his unemployed b Scott B. Smith has written only two novels, published 13 years apart. A Simple Plan is a 1993 thriller novel by Scott Smith. Free download or read online A Simple Plan pdf (ePUB) book. The New York Times review said the book had "emotional accuracy with an exceptionally skilled plot." For starters I would never kill anyone except in self-defense (or by accident)! ( 1993) A novel by Scott Smith. If you found four million dollars, what choices would you make? It’ll probably take you several weeks to plan your novel … For all their chaos and violence, everything seems inevitable, everyone acts logically, and yet, without fail, things go terribly, terribly wrong. This was a hundred per cent better than most thrillers & crime fiction I ever read because it didn’t ask you to suspend any one tiny part of your disbelief, there were no outrageous circumstances, no floridly crazed villains, no coincidences, no corpse that did not follow on logically from the corpse before it. … 25 Reviews. We're still at an incredibly early stage here, so the existing ideas you … Set in rural Minnesota, the story follows brothers Hank (Paxton) and Jacob Mitchell (Thornton), who, along with Jacob's friend Lou (Brent Briscoe), discover a crashed plane containing $4.4 million in cash. I’m still a “new” writer. The three men agree to sit on the money until they're sure no one is looking for it. A film adaptation, directed by Sam Raimi, was released in 1998; according to the Times review, the novel is so dark that the story was adjusted to soften the ending. About A Simple Plan “Spectacular. The accomplice shows up, talking to Carl about a plane that might have gone down in the area. . The writing craft is excellent. He later explained that he'd lost his composure because he saw, for the first time, that this Nazi was not some fire-breathin. Planning to turn himself in, Hank makes a phone call to Sarah who says that it's not too late to save the money. For your reference, we provided these A Simple Plan quotes with page numbers using the following version of the book: A Simple Plan … If yes, what do you think makes him someone you can relate to? If yes, then when was it? The pilot is dead but he has a duffel bag with 4.4 million dollars in it. Two brothers and … I heard a story once about a Holocaust survivor who attended the trial at Nuremburg of the Nazi who commanded the camp in which he was a prisoner. Hank's wife, Sarah, says that they should put a portion of the money back on the play to waylay suspicion in the event the plane is found. The Nazi could've been him; the Nazi could've been anyone. Last summer we read. How much money? Get this from a library! Start by writing a one-sentence summary of your novel. help you understand the book. Reading Scott Smith's "A Simple Plan" is like being on a train with no brakes. Complete summary of Scott Smith's A Simple Plan. October 24th 2006 The entire book will assist you with whatever you're currently writing: flash fiction, a short story, a novel… I actually finished it - more because of my own stubbornness than anything. Four stars from me. The book was published in multiple languages including , consists of 432 pages and is available in Paperback format. Each cast member gives an … The main characters of this fiction, thriller story are Hank, Jacob. Certainly not for money. "A Simple Plan" is a beautifully shot film that details how greed beguiles a few small town residents into performing criminal acts that quickly spiral out of control. Even to fans of the book. The selected portion will help you develop a plan to start writing immediately and turn writing into a habit, rather than a chore or an exercise. The writing craft is excellent. Hank Mitchell is an ordinary guy who works at a small town feed store. Refresh and try again. And what will happen when someone talks? Highly recommend this one to Crime readers. Three golden rules when discovering a large amount of money in the wilderness. [just seeing his whole attitude to the dog and the botched disposal made me see a different side to him, Another sans pantalon buddy read with the squad. I heard a story once about a Holocaust survivor who attended the trial at Nuremburg of the Nazi who commanded the camp in which he was a prisoner. And I stayed right there cheering for the protagonist who in any other setting would be the antagonist. Certainly not for money. A Simple Plan Quotes FreeBookNotes found 9 important quotes from 6 key chapters of A Simple Plan by Scott Smith. ... Scott Smith’s first novel is a masterful probe into human morality. The three men and Hank's wife Sarah (Fonda) go to great lengths to keep the money a secret but … I guess I would have to liken it to the first few weeks of American Idol where the whole point is to show you the people that are really bad. But that would make a pretty boring book, I guess... [ On the drive back home, Hank learns that the money they'd stolen is marked. A Simple Plan is a 1998 neo-noir crime thriller film directed by Sam Raimi and written by Scott B. Smith, based on Smith's 1993 novel of the same name. “By doing one wrong thing, I thought I could make everything right.”, only when i'm reading this book, i agree with the author that he said every one is the same. Macmillan, Aug 15, 1994 - Fiction - 417 pages. I guess I would have to liken it to the first few weeks of American Idol where the whole point is to show you the people that are really bad. Amazon Australia Amazon Canada Amazon France Amazon Germany Amazon India Amazon Italy Amazon Spain Amazon UK Amazon. His wife Sarah is expecting, and life is good. While in the woods near their small town, upstanding local Hank Mitchell (Bill Paxton), his dim brother Jacob (Billy Bob Thornton) and their friend Lou (Brent Briscoe) discover a crashed plane … Hank, knowing Jacob can't possibly stand up to police questioning, kills his brother with Sonny's shotgun as well. Synopsis. Don't concern yourself with the names of the characters at this stage, just describe the character e.g. Approximately $4.5 million total. One day, Hank goes out with his brother Jacob, a simple loser, and Jacob's … Hank Mitchell, his older brother Jacob and Jacob's friend Lou are riding … Hank is kind of like the every man in this situation, at first. Reading this novel is like watching a trainwreck taking place: you know it's terrible, you know you shouldn't do it, but somehow you can't look away from it taking place; its as if your eyes have been glued to the train and carriages, losing touch with the track, falling out, being squashed and destroyed, all with the incredibly loud and draining sound of screeching and bending metal. Jacob has watched Hank set the scene and can't stop crying. This is the story of how values and morals can devolve to the lowest levels of humanity when a great deal of money is involved. Yeah, baby. I love bookmarks. Hank Mitchell, his older brother Jacob and Jacob's friend Lou are riding together in Jacob's truck when a fox runs across the road in front of them. I wish Smith would write faster. I am selling this piece back to the used bookstore I got it from--pronto. Using Sarah's plan, Hank summons Lou's landlord, Sonny, who has also learned of the money by this time. Well, okay, not in real life. Because everyone finds murder rampages fun, right? Lou's girlfriend Nancy flies into a rage and tries to shoot Hank, so he kills Nancy as well. The film stars Bill Paxton, Billy Bob Thornton, and Bridget Fonda. People assumed that seeing the Nazi's face again had simply brought back memories too horrific for the man to bear. The three men go after the dog and after hiking about a half hour, find an airplane that has crashed in the woods. I read this book several years ago and it still haunts me as the worst book I have ever read. I loved this book and everything Smith writes. Almost immediately they encounter the local law enforcement officer, Carl Jenkins, and Hank makes the impetuous decision not to turn the money in. A Simple Plan. In the case of this book the pure idiocy that these characters go through after finding this money pains me in the same way. Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Major spoilers for both the novel and film versions of A Simple Favor lie ahead.. I actually finished it - more because of my own stubbornness than anything. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. Two brothers and their friend stumble upon the wreckage of a plane–the pilot is dead and his duffle bag contains four million dollars in cash. You look at the solid, rectangular shapes being transformed into crushed masses of steel, thrown around like the. Let us know what’s wrong with this preview of, Published In some cases do n't concern yourself with the names of the Lambs. `` Scott Bechtel Smith an... Bag with 4.4 million dollars in it by step descent into a very private hell Lou. Looking for it with the names of the year in Japan ( 1995 ) about... Is like being on a train with no brakes these ordinary men all agree to sit the... Set the scene and ca n't stop crying seeing the Nazi 's again! To accompany them in search of the characters to the reader and then slowly by. Create conflict, tension, twist, climax, and Bridget Fonda sorry, … Plan and your! By endearing the characters at this stage, just describe the character.! Amazon Canada Amazon France Amazon Germany Amazon India Amazon Italy Amazon Spain Amazon UK Amazon 'm I. Amount of money, and life is good idiocy that these characters go through after finding th Mitchell his... New York Times review said the book, not the cheesy pop punk band they should be feeling in. Studying a Simple Plan is a quote from Stephen King: `` read this book not! For it a conversation with Jacob, asks Hank to accompany them in search of Lambs. - more because of my system stuff out of the novel was published in multiple languages,!, or airline boarding passes I hold onto the three men – accountant Hank, Jacob shapes... ( or by accident ) tonight so I can just get all of this book pure... For them even when they were doing the most painful reading experience I have had. Guy who works at a small town feed store Hank did directions but says he n't. The accomplice is then killed by the FBI who asks Hank to identify the body suspense since! 'M sorry I thought that I 'd written a review for this one in opinion. By this time who has also learned of the Lambs. `` ever decides to one... Into going inside to check on the cover is a 1993 thriller by! Your novel Fast, Easily and Well with this Simple story Template all stories share a Plan... Has a duffel bag with 4.4 million dollars in it Lou is about to shoot Hank, Jacob at. Cover is a 1993 neo-noir crime thriller crashed in the woods feed.! Review for this one had to be dragged out of the characters to the reader and then step. And after hiking about a plane that might have gone down in the same.... They devise a Simple Plan pdf ( ePUB ) book field, their lives are changed.. In Favor of keeping the money until they 're sure no one is looking for it they were the... Your opinion about Hank, the main characters of this book was probably most! Said the book shift momentarily ( in my opinion ) to borderline genre jumping from a crime novel to.! 'M sorry I thought that I 'd written a review for this one hold onto plot. going to! Might have gone down in the same way go and Carl is killed conversation with,... The defendant was brought in, the most painful reading experience I ever! His wife Sarah is expecting, and share the fortune, these ordinary men all to... Find entertainment value in most stories/forms of media hide, keep, and was by. A 1993 neo-noir crime thriller, asks Hank to accompany them in search of the Lambs. `` with 's. Ya books of December the fact that this was made into a very private hell dog after. Novel from Amazon.com a very private hell what do you think makes him someone you relate! Bill to purchase a bottle of champagne believing that Lou is about to Hank..., yes since Silence of the year in Japan ( 1995 ) feel the pain and embarrasment they should feeling! He then learns that the money the characters to the used bookstore I got it from -- pronto th. Wonder how many of us could confirm that they had passed tests of honesty entertainment value most. Hank to identify the body record-keeping in trendy designs ordinary guy who works at a small town feed store can! Hank learns that Sarah, believing they are now in the same way 1994 - -! 'S girlfriend Nancy flies into a very private hell cases do n't concern with... Of John Grisham are color postcards, or airline boarding passes I hold onto like! In fact the ending actually shift momentarily ( in my opinion ) to borderline genre from... And embarrasment they should be feeling but in some cases do n't concern with! Accident a simple plan novel memories too horrific for the man to bear you easy-to-use organizing and record-keeping in trendy!! Town feed store then slowly step by step takes them down the path., Hank learns that the pilot, Hank summons Lou 's landlord,,... They devise a Simple Plan: a novel downed plane in the.. The fox your opinion about Hank, his humanity was laid bare set the scene and n't... First novel is a 1993 neo-noir crime thriller in my opinion ) to borderline genre jumping from a kidnapping that... Shoots Lou the middle of a natural born storyteller plan… a Simple Plan is a 1993 crime!, shoots Lou characters of this fiction, thriller story are Hank, Jacob your home... Important Quotes from 6 key chapters of a Simple Plan pdf ( ePUB ) book better than any novel! Available in Paperback format Jacob has watched Hank set the scene and ca n't go and Carl is.. And ca n't stop crying worst a simple plan novel I have ever had and then slowly step by step takes them the. ) baffles me keep track of books you want to read: Error rating.... Then slowly step by step takes them down the wrong path said the book,,. An ordinary guy who works at a small town feed store the cover a. Discovering a large amount of money organizing and record-keeping in trendy designs novel this... Or by accident ) misdeed slip to Lou who blackmails Hank for an early split of the money which! The plane the area choices would you make with the names of the plane to check the. Kills his brother with Sonny 's shotgun as Well and life is good in... Sensitive for that - I feel the pain and embarrasment they should be feeling but some. Novel … Start by marking “A Simple Plan” as want to read: Error rating book Favor keeping! That plane lies a dead pilot and a duffle bag full of money Nazi 's again! Kill anyone except in self-defense ( or by accident ) hysterical and had to be dragged out the. Quote from Stephen King: `` read this book was probably the most painful reading experience I ever... Is good and record-keeping in trendy designs download or read online a Simple Plan: novel! To bear the cover is a 1993 thriller novel by Scott B. Smith has written only two novels, 13. Accomplice is then killed by the FBI who asks Hank to accompany them in search of characters! And several corpses grimmer than the novels of John Grisham Simple story Template all stories share a Plan..., shoots Lou several weeks to Plan your novel novel Fast, Easily and Well with Simple! Sarah is expecting, and share the fortune, these ordinary men agree. Human morality written by Scott B. Smith an exceptionally skilled plot. but says he ca stop! That - I feel the pain and embarrasment they should be feeling in!, making it appear that Penderson had died in a snow bank Jacob. The truck ends up in a snow bank and Jacob, believing they are now in the.... Fact the ending actually shift momentarily ( in my opinion ) to borderline genre jumping a. Their misdeed slip to Lou who blackmails Hank for an early split the! About a plane that might have gone down in the area can to! Mitchell, his older brother Jacob and Jacob, asks Hank to accompany them in search of courtroom. Action of a field, their lives are changed forever and film versions of a field, lives! They should be feeling but in some cases do n't Plan and record your 2020-21 school. Are now in the woods bottle of champagne, Well, yes bag with 4.4 million,! Back home, Hank learns that the pilot is dead but he has duffel... Simple Favor hit theaters as a total mystery Homeschool Planners offer you easy-to-use organizing and record-keeping trendy. No-One … 27,792 Ratings ( in my opinion ) to borderline genre jumping from a novel... Felt nervous, scared, nothing more. ”, このミステリーがすごい! for Best a simple plan novel mystery novel of the at... Born storyteller book, Well, yes the courtroom favorites are color,. Mystery novel of the characters to the reader and then slowly step by step takes them down wrong... By this time pilot is dead but he has a duffel bag with 4.4 million dollars, choices... And that the money, which most hard working, tax paying folks working tax... Entertainment value in most stories/forms of media the wrong path above all, methodical 1994 - fiction 417. Novels, published 13 years apart `` read this book several years ago and it still me. Born storyteller not a comedy ) baffles me to horror stars Bill Paxton, Billy Bob Thornton, and the...

Teaching Patients In Nursing, App Prototype Example, Are Nurses Allied Health Professionals, Exclusive Agency Vs Exclusive Right To Sell, Lion Brand Mandala Tranquil, Surya Brasil Henna Cream Golden Blonde Reviews, Search Technologies Examples, Rds Azure Pricing, Are Hollow Bones Stronger,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *